Twelve Questions Toward Ethical Decision-Making
[These 12 questions for examining the ethics of a decision were adapted
from the steps formulated by Harvard Business School Professor Laura Nash
in her Harvard Business Review article, "Ethics without the Sermon" (1981)]
- Have you defined the problem accurately?
- How would you define the problem if you stood on the other side
of the fence?
- How did this situation occur in the first place?
- To whom and to what do you give your loyalty as a person and as
a member of the organization?
- What is your intention in making this decision?
- How does this intention compare with the probable results?
- Whom could your decision injure?
- Can you discuss the problem with the affected parties before you
make your decision
- Are you confident that your position will be as valid over a long
period of time as it seems now?
- Could you disclose without qualm your decision or action to your
boss, the head of your organization, your colleagues, your family,
the person you most admire, or society as a whole?
- What is the symbolic potential of your action if understood? If
- Are there circumstances when you would allow exceptions to your
stand? What are they?